Apprenticeship Program

Apprenticeship Utilization on Public Works Construction Projects

The City of Vancouver recognizes that a well-trained construction work force is critical to the ability of constructing successful public works projects. Apprenticeship training programs are particularly effective in providing training and experience to individuals seeking to enter or advance in the work force. By providing for apprenticeship utilization on public works projects, the City can create opportunities for training and experience that will help assure that a trained work force will be available in sufficient numbers in the future for the construction of public works projects.


Effective December 1, 2015, the City of Vancouver adopted an interim modification to the current apprentice utilization goals. The table below reflects the revised required minimum apprenticeship utilization labor hours. The City encourages Contractors to exceed these minimum utilization hours.

Estimated Project Size Required Minimum Utilization Labor Hours
Under $500,000 N/A
$500,000 - $1,500,000 3%
$1,500,000 - $3,000,000 4%
$3,000,000 - $8,000,000 5%
$8,000,000 - $12,000,000 6%
$12,000,000 and greater 8%

These goals must include the labor hours of the prime and any subcontractor's working the project. Training programs shall be certified by the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries (L&I), the Oregon Bureau of Labor and Industries (BOLI), and/or the U.S. Department of Labor - Bureau of Apprenticeship Training (BAT).

In extenuating circumstances where project success is compromised by labor market factors, such as the cyclical nature of apprentice availability, productivity considerations, or safety concerns, the required minimum labor hour percentages may be reduced or eliminated.

Typically, transportation projects with federally funded (FHWA) grants do not carry City apprenticeship goals, as most FHWA projects will include a requirement for “training hours.” This requirement accomplishes the same goal as the City’s apprenticeship program, which is to train apprentice workers. The City will review each project with FHWA funding to determine if the project should have training or apprenticeship hours assigned per FHWA requirements.

The City of Vancouver will include an Apprenticeship Utilization Form for the Prime Contractor to complete when submitting their bid documents, which identifies the intended usage of apprentices. Before final payment, the Prime Contractor will be required to file an Apprenticeship Verification Form with the City that will identify actual work performed by apprentices. If the Contractor does not meet the minimum established utilization requirement, they will be assessed a penalty of $10.00 for each unmet apprenticeship labor hour.

For more information on apprenticeship programs, you can visit the Washington State Department of Labor & Industries website.

NOTE: If an individual hired by the contractor as an apprentice subsequently “graduates” from the apprenticeship program, the City will allow the continued counting of apprentice hours if the person was on the job continuously through the period through contract completion of the required apprenticeship-related work, and was classified as an apprentice when that apprentice was initially assigned to the project.

Web Links

Washington State Department of Labor & Industries Website